You may have seen the terms "Class 3" and "Title II" used on our site and in the store at Wendl's Weapons and wondered just what they meant, exactly. These are firearms that are restricted by the National Firearms Act (NFA). Title I firearms include rifles and shotguns, handguns, silencers and firearm frames and receivers. Title I is usually referred to as the Gun Control Act, whereas Title II is the National Firearms Act. NFA weapons are sometimes called Class 3 weapons because a Class 3 SOT (Special Occupational Taxpayer) is needed to buy and sell these kinds of firearms. A specially licensed FFL (Federal Firearms License) dealer is the only business that you can work with to get these kinds of weapons.
Destructive Device (DD) - Explosive Ordnance: A destructive device can be one of three things: an explosive, incendiary, or poison gas weapon. This can include bombs, mines, grenades, missiles, rockets and other similar devices. The parts used to build these devices are also included under Title II. None of the states in the Union permit ownership of an explosive ordnance. Examples: Claymore mine, hand grenade, improvised explosive device (IED)
Destructive Device (DD) - Large Bore Firearms: This type of firearm is described as a projectile weapon with a bore diameter bigger than 50 calibers or half an inch. Non-combat shotguns, flare guns, and antique guns that are not likely to be used as a weapon and made before 1898 are exempt. No state allows for ownership of large bore firearms. Examples: 20mm rifle, flare launcher with anti-personnel ammunition, Street Sweeper shotgun
Machine Guns: According to the NFA, a machine gun is defined as "[a]ny weapon which shoots, is designed to shoot or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger." This definition includes any frame, receiver, or parts to make a machine gun. The State of Iowa does not allow machine guns. Examples: AK-47 rifle, M16 rifle, M4A1 rifle
Short-Barreled Rifles (SBR): A rifle is a shouldered firearm that has spiral grooves inside the gun barrel and can fire one bullet at a time. A short-barreled rifle has a barrel of less than 16 inches or overall length of less than 26 inches, as defined by the NFA. This also includes any weapon made from a rifle that is of the same dimensions. The stock must be extended on folding stock rifles when measuring the length. Pistols with shoulder stocks may be considered a short-barreled rifle if they meet other requirements. Check with experts like those at Wendl's Weapons if you are unsure about your firearm. Examples: semiautomatic Glock pistol with shoulder stock, Wilson Combat SBR Tactical rifle, sawed-off rifles
Short-Barreled Shotguns (SBS): An SBS is any shotgun having a barrel less than 18 inches long, or any weapon made from a shotgun that is less than 26 inches long. A shotgun is a shoulder-fired, smooth bore firearm. Examples: H&K Fabarm FP6, Seraphim Armoury 9" SBS, customized "sawed off" shotguns
Silencers: A silencer or suppressor is any device that is used to muffle or diminish the sound of the gunshot of a portable firearm. This also includes any parts used to build a silencer or suppressor. Examples: Gemtech MIST25, AAC Element 4, YHM Sidewinder
Any Other Weapon (AOW): This is a miscellaneous weapons category. According to the NFA, an AOW is " any weapon or device capable of being concealed on a person from which a shot can be discharged through the energy of an explosive." Examples: a cane gun, a pen gun, pistol with a forward grip
Trying to get around the NFA isn't recommended, as the penalties are severe. A conviction results in a felony on your record and is punishable by up to ten years in prison and/or a $10,000 fine. Even first offenders will probably see jail time.
In addition, any weapon that is in violation of the NFA is subject to civil forfeiture. Using a machine gun or silencer while committing a violent crime or drug crime can add thirty years to your sentence, even if the NFA is not violated.
Make sure you are within the legal limits of the NFA. If you have any questions, feel free to contact us at Wendl's Weapons. We'd be more than happy to help you with any questions or concerns you may have. We look forward to hearing from you.